Why Do My Gums Hurt? Understanding the Causes of Gum Pain


5 Common Causes of Gum Pain

Gum pain can be a frustrating and uncomfortable experience, so it’s important to identify the cause and seek treatment as soon as possible. In this blog, we will explore five common causes of gum pain and discuss how to address them. From gum disease and tooth decay to brushing, dental work, and systemic health conditions, we will provide tips and recommendations for maintaining healthy gums and preventing pain. Whether you are experiencing gum pain now or looking to prevent it in the future, this blog is for you. We hope this helps you recognize the warning signs of this potentially serious dental issue.

Here are the five common causes of gum pain:

1. Gum Disease: The Silent Killer of Healthy Gums

Gum disease, also known as periodontal disease, is an infection of the gums and the tissues that support the teeth. It is started by a build-up of plaque, a sticky film of bacteria, that forms on the teeth and gums. If that plaque is not removed through regular brushing and flossing, it hardens into a substance called tartar, which can only be removed by a dental professional. When that tartar forms around the gum line, and even under the gums, it leads to inflammation and infection.

As gum disease progresses, the gums become infected, inflamed, and usually painful. Red, swollen, tender gums may bleed easily when you brush or floss your teeth. Gum disease can also cause bad breath, loose teeth, and a receding gum line, which can make the teeth look longer than normal.

Gum disease can be treated with a deep cleaning, called scaling and root planing.  Sometimes, antibiotics are needed to clear the infection. It’s important to practice good oral hygiene, including brushing and flossing daily, to prevent gum disease.

2. Tooth Decay: The Cavity-Causing Culprit of Gum Pain

Tooth decay and cavities are common causes of gum pain. Cavities develop when bacteria in the mouth produces an acid that eats away at the enamel of the teeth. If left untreated, the acid can reach the inner layers of the tooth, causing pain and sensitivity.

When a cavity forms near the gum line, it can irritate and inflame the gums, causing pain. The gums may become red, swollen, and tender, and may bleed easily when brushing or flossing. In addition to gum pain, tooth decay can also cause tooth sensitivity, pain when biting or chewing, and a visible hole in the tooth.

To prevent tooth decay, it’s important to brush and floss regularly and limit sugary foods and drinks. It’s also important to see a dentist regularly for check-ups and cleanings.

3. Ouch! Trauma to the Teeth and Gums Can Cause Gum Pain

Trauma to the gums can cause pain. Trauma to the gums can be caused by a variety of factors, including accidents, sports injuries, or biting down forcefully on something hard or sharp.

If you experience trauma to the gums, you may notice swelling, bleeding, and pain. In severe cases, the gums may appear bruised or discolored. If you experience trauma to the gums, rinse your mouth with warm water to clean the area and apply a cold compress to reduce swelling. If the bleeding does not stop within a few minutes or if you have severe pain, it’s important to see a dentist or medical professional for treatment.

To prevent gum trauma, it’s important to use caution when participating in activities that could result in injury to the mouth, like sports. It’s also important to be careful when biting down on hard or sharp objects, and to avoid chewing on ice or non-food items.

4. Dental Work Woes: How Procedures Can Affect Your Gums

Dental work such as fillings, crowns, and implants can sometimes cause gum pain. This pain is usually temporary and should resolve on its own within a few days. However, if the pain persists or becomes severe, you should see a dentist for further evaluation and treatment.

There are several reasons why dental work can cause gum pain. For example:

a.) Sensitivity to the materials used: Some people may be sensitive to the materials used in dental work, such as the cement used to hold a crown in place. This sensitivity can cause gum irritation and pain.

b.)  Infection: Gums can become infected and painful if a filling or crown is placed improperly or if bacteria get under the restoration.

c.) Trauma to the gums: During the placement of dental work, the gums may be bruised or irritated, leading to temporary pain.

In most cases, the pain can be managed with over-the-counter pain medications and will resolve on its own within a few days. However, if the pain persists or becomes severe, it’s important to see a dentist to identify the cause and determine the appropriate treatment.

5. Beyond the Mouth: How Systemic Health Conditions Can Affect Your Gums

Systemic health conditions, or conditions that affect the entire body, can sometimes cause gum pain. These conditions can affect the gums in a variety of ways.

Here are a few examples of systemic health conditions that can cause gum pain:

a.) Diabetes: People with diabetes are more prone to gum infections, as the disease can affect the body’s ability to fight off infections. Gum infections can cause pain, swelling, and redness.

b.) HIV/AIDS: People with HIV or AIDS may experience gum swelling and pain due to the infection and the medications used to treat it.

c.) Pregnancy: Pregnancy can cause hormonal changes that lead to gum swelling and pain. This condition is called pregnancy gingivitis and is usually temporary.

d.) Cancer treatment: Cancer treatments such as chemotherapy and radiation can weaken the immune system and make the gums more prone to infection, leading to pain and swelling.

Don’t Let Gum Pain Get You Down: Here’s What to Do

It is important to remember that gum pain can have a variety of causes, ranging from periodontal disease and tooth decay, to trauma and systemic conditions. Understanding the various sources of gum pain can help you make sure you’re taking the right steps to protect your teeth and gums. With preventative measures and regular visits to the dentist, you can maintain your dental health and enjoy a healthy smile for years to come.

If you are experiencing gum pain, see a dentist for a proper diagnosis and treatment. In most cases, the pain can be managed with over-the-counter medications and will resolve on its own within a few days. However, if the pain persists or becomes severe, you’ll need a dentist to identify the cause and determine the appropriate treatment. Remember, taking care of your gums is an important part of maintaining overall oral health.